Lesson 7
 

Working With AU Software Instruments
 
Logic also allows you to use third party software instruments such as the Kontakt Sampler or Garritan virtual orchestra. There are a whole host of third party software instruments on the market. These are called Instrument Plug-ins and are accessed through something called
Audio Units or AU Instruments.
 
This tutorial is assuming that you have a third party AU instrument installed on your Mac. We are going to be using Garritan Instant Orchestra for this tutorial, but the concepts are the same for any AU installed software instrument.
 
Create a new Logic project and title it
Lesson 9 and add a software instrument. Since we are also going to set this up as a Multitimbral instrument make sure that you set it up a follows.

 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.37.30 AM

 
Make sure that you select
Software Instrument and the Multi-timbral box and that you have 4 MIDI tracks. Also make sure that you don’t select the Open Library
box.
 
Your arrange window should look as follows:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.39.03 AM
 
We are now going to add an
AU instrument to Inst 1. Click on the top most track to select it.

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.40.05 AM
 
Go to the
Instrument icon Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.40.15 AM for Inst 1 and from the pull down menu select Au Instruments.
 
In my case I am going to select
Garritan.
 Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.41.53 AM

 
I will now see the
Garritan user interface pop up. In Inst 1 I am loading the Full Woodwinds Unison patch.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.44.27 AM
 
I am now going to double click on the
Inst 1 track name to change the title
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.45.11 AM

I am changing the title of the track to
Full Winds Unison

 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.45.27 AM

 
Because we set our Software Instrument up in Multi-timbral mode, all Software instrument tracks have the
Garritan Aria Player plug-in loaded into the Instrument slot of
all of our newly created tracks.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.50.29 AM

 
I can now go through and load in different sounds into the
Aria Player:

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.49.33 AM

I then label each new track as follows:


 Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.49.26 AM

To make life easier, we should also rename the tracks in Inspector. Click on the first track in the
Arrange Window to highlight it.
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.55.45 AM



Notice the column to the far left. The instrument is still labeled
Inst 1


 Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.55.52 AM

Click on the
Track: Inst 1
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.54.05 AM

I am changing the name to Full Winds Unision


Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.55.45 AM

If you now open the track info in the Inspector you will see that Logic has automatically assigned each track to a
different MIDI channel.


Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 3.59.35 AM

Because we created 4 Multi-Timbral software instruments, Logic will automatically number the MIDI channels 1-4 so each sound
will be independent.


If you own any third part AU plug-in sounds, experiment with setting up multi-timbral software instrument tracks.
 
To view a brief tutorial on setting up an external Multitimbral Instrument, click on the following link:
 
 
Clip 13
 
 
 
Logic Project 9:
 
Create a new Logic Project and set up at least 4 Multi-timbral software tracks using Garritan Instant Orchestra. Label your tracks. Load in 4 different instruments/patches from Garritan.
Post this on Moodle.

 
 
Region MIDI Editing
 
This tutorial takes you through some basic MIDI editing procedures in Logic.
 
Create a new Logic project with a software instrument and record at least 8 measures. For this example I am going to record a simple C major scale.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.13.59 AM
 
Delete
 
This one is simple. Click on the region that you recorded in the
Arrange window so that it is highlighted and then hit the delete key on your computer keyboard. The region is now gone.
 
Use
command Z to undo your delete.
 
Move

 
You can move a region along the same track or up and down to other tracks by simply grabbing the region with your mouse and sliding it around the
Arrange window.
 
Cut
 
This is a little different than
delete.
 
I am going to have you open the
Score Editor because you can see the cut a little easier by viewing the written notation.
 
Double Click on the recorded MIDI region, you will now see the
Piano Roll window.

 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.17.26 AM

 
Select the
Score Editor by clicking on the Score icon located at the bottom of the Arrange Window.

 Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.14.56 AM


You will now see a notated version of your track.

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.17.57 AM
 
In this case I want to make a cut in measure 3 so I am setting up my
Cycle region to measure 3 and moving my playhead to measure 3.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.18.53 AM
 
At the top left hand side of the
Arrange window are several icons.
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.21.27 AM

Select the
Tool Bar icon Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.21.43 AM to display the Tool Bar across the top of the Arrange Window

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.21.50 AM

Make sure that your MIDI track region is selected by clicking on it:


Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.25.30 AM

Click on the
Split by Playhead
 Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.24.04 AM

You may get the following message:

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 4.25.10 AM

Select
Split


Notice that measure 3 has now been removed. You can easily see this in the
Score view.
 
Use
command Z to undo your delete.
 
 
Copy/Paste
 
I am now going to show you two ways to copy/paste in the arrange window using MIDI regions.
 
Click on the region that you want to copy by highlighting it.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.09.40 AM

 
Hold down the
option key on your computer keyboard, grab the region with your mouse, and slide it to where you want a copy to appear. In this case I just slid it over to the next open measure creating an exact duplicate of my first MIDI region.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.09.57 AM

 
For the second method, click on the region you want to copy so that it is highlighted.
 
Type
command C on your computer keyboard for copy.
 
Move the
Playhead to where you want to paste your duplicate track.
 
Type
command V on your computer keyboard for paste.

Make sure that you try both methods.
 
Repeat
 
When you repeat a region, you are defining how many times you want that region to repeat. This is different from a loop, where the repeat is ongoing with no end in sight!
 
Click on the region to highlight it.

Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.09.40 AM
 
Type
command R on your computer keyboard and you will now see the following dialog box:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.11.47 AM
 
Type in the
Number of Copies that you want for a repeat and Logic will automatically create that number of repeats.
 
Type
Command Z to undo.
 
Here is another way to create a repeat.
 
Click on the
Cycle bar so that your region is within your cycle.

Also make sure that your region is highlighted.
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.12.41 AM
 
Click on the
Repeat Section icon located at the top of the Arrange window.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.12.53 AM
 
 
You will now have created a repeat.
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.13.09 AM

 
Type
Command Z to undo.
 
Glue
 
Glue allows you to put a group of Regions together to create a single Region.
As you can see below, I have a series of shorter regions in my
Arrange window.
 
image021
 
Select the regions that you want to glue together by
shift clicking on them so that they are highlighted.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.16.51 AM

 
Hit the
esc key on your computer keyboard and select the Glue Tool.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.16.01 AM
 
Click on the first highlighted region and the
Glue tool will now turn the highlighted mini regions into one larger region.

 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.17.07 AM

 
Join Regions
 
This works a little differently than the
Glue tool in that you are merging all of the regions in a track into a single region. Why do this? Some folks find it easier to work on a single region rather than a series of short regions. And if you want to work in the Score Editor, it is much easier to view a single region rather than a series of short regions.
 
This process is similar to the
Glue tool.
 
Shift-Click to select all the regions in a track, and then click on the Join Regions icon to merge all the regions together.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.19.09 AM
 
Done!
 
Editing Velocity
 
Velocity is measured by how hard you strike a key on your piano keyboard. It is measured from 0-127. You can think of velocity as volume, especially when you are using it to shape a musical phrase.
 
A rough dynamic breakdown of velocity (0-127) is as follows:
 
p = 0-55
 
mp = 56-88
 
mf = 89-108
 
f = 109-127
 
Remember that the above values are subjective in that the patch (sound) that you are using may not respond to the above values. For example, a xylophone patch will not be as velocity sensitive as a violin patch.
 
Velocity Layers
 
When you edit velocity in Logic, you have several choices, we are going to go over some of them.
 
Create a new piano software track in logic and record the following C Major Scale:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.22.40 AM

 
The Event List
 
The
Event List allows you to edit velocities using a list.
Click on the first icon (the Event List) located on the upper right hand side of the arrange window
Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 8.28.10 AM

You will now see the following window:
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.35.17 AM

 For this exercise we are going to create a
Crescendo using the Event List.
Make sure that your MIDI track is highlighted by clicking on it:
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.37.13 AM

Make sure that you have the
Event Tab and Notes are selected. You will now see the following window:

Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.42.25 AM


From the Functions pull down menu select MIDI Transform then Fixed Velocity

Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.40.56 AM


You will now see the following window:
 

 Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.46.05 AM

From the
Presets pull down menu select Crescendo

Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.46.42 AM



You will now see the following window


 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.46.56 AM

The window below tells us that our crescendo will start in Measure 1 and end in Measure 5

Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.51.50 AM

The next window allows us to determine the values for our Crescendo. Remember that MIDI Velocity is measured from 1-127
With 1 being the softest value and 127 being the loudest perceived volume.

I am setting my crescendo with the following values:



Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.47.11 AM


Click
Select and Operate

 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.47.17 AM

Play back your scale and you will now hear a crescendo!

You may also edit individual note’s velocity by double-clicking the velocity number
in the
Event List. You will also hear the note’s velocity

Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.46.20 AM


Simply type in a new number.


Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.46.33 AM



The
Event List is also handy if you just want to edit certain parameters of your MIDI performance

Say, for instance, that you have mod wheel info that you want to edit, and not note information.

Simply select
Controller in the Event List and logic will only display your Controller info for editing.


Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.50.31 AM




To view a tutorial on creating a crescendo using the Event List click on the following link:

Creating a Crescendo in the Event List

The Step Editor
 
This is another method for editing
Velocity.
 
Click on your MIDI region so that it is highlighted.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.37.13 AM
 
Hit
P on your computer keyboard and select the Step Editor icon.


 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 4.08.40 AM

 
Scroll down until you see the
All Velocities function. You will now see the following window:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 4.12.06 AM



You can grab a single bar and move it up or down to change a velocity of a single note. You will also hear the volume of the note change as you are moving the bar up and down.


 Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 4.14.14 AM
Try creating a crescendo using the above method.

 
Let's look at some of the
Inspector attributes:
 
Pan Width: Note Length allows you to set how wide the pitches are  in the bar chart so that editing can be easier.
 
image040
 
Grid 1/16th Note allows you change the resolution of the grid.
 
Length allows you to edit note length.
 
Pitch allows you to change a note's pitch.'
 
To change the velocity of a single note, make sure that the velocity bars are grayed out, by clicking above or below them. Select the
Velocity Bar by clicking on it and move the bar up or down to change the velocity.
 
image041
 
If you want to raise or lower the velocity of all the bars, click on
All Velocities to select all the bars and grab the first bar and move all of the bars up and down.
 
Editing Velocity In The Score Editor
 
This is another method of editing velocity.
 
Make sure that your MIDI region is selected by clicking on it.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.37.13 AM
 
Open the
Score Editor by clicking on the icon.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.52.45 AM

 
You will now see your scale in notation form:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.53.30 AM
 
In the
Score Editor window notice the icons located in the upper right hand side of the window.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.54.01 AM
 
Click on the arrow icon (first one) and select the
Velocity Tool.
 Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.54.27 AM

 
Notice that your mouse pointer will now turn to a
v.
 
Click on a note and hold the mouse down while moving the mouse up or down. You will see the note turn green indicating that velocity is being changed.

Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.54.46 AM
 
Make sure that you deselect the
Velocity Tool and return to the Pointer Tool when you leave the Score Editor. An easy way to do this is to hit the esc key twice on your
computer keyboard.
 
Logic Project 10:
 
Create a new Logic Project and record the following with a piano sound. Make sure that your velocities (volume) match the notation.
 
image048

Post this on Moodle.



Editing MIDI Using The Piano Roll
 
This is where I spend most of my time editing my recorded tracks.
Hopefully, you still have your C Major scale from the tutorial above. If not, create a duplicate.
 
To enter the
Piano Roll highlight your MIDI region and double click your mouse.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-05 at 3.37.13 AM
 
Select
Piano Roll from the bottom icons in the Arrange Window
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.58.42 AM
 
You will now see your C Major scale recording in the piano roll.

Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 9.59.26 AM

 
Note: you may have to use the slider bar located on the right-hand side of the
Piano Roll window to scroll down or up to find your MIDI notes.
 
To make your notes larger in the
Piano Roll window use the slider that in on the right hand side of the Piano Roll window.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 10.01.07 AM
 
 
Moving Notes (MIDI Blocks) Around
 
To move a note around (change the pitch or position) in the
Piano Roll, simply grab the note block with your mouse and move it around the grid.
 
Note: To change the grid in the
Piano Roll, locate the Snap pull down menu located at the top of the Piano Roll.
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 10.01.54 AM
 
You have the following choices for grid selection:
 
Screen Shot 2014-02-06 at 10.02.22 AM
 
Experiment with different grid settings to see how they react.
 
Also, when you click on a note, you will hear the note as you click on it.
 
Changing The Length Of A Note
 
To Lengthen or Shorten the duration of a note, simply place your mouse cursor to the left or right hand side of a note block. Your cursor will now change to left/right arrows. Grab the note block and lengthen or shorten the note.
 
Copy And Paste And Delete
 
You May also copy a note by selecting it, copying it, and then pasting it into the piano roll. You may then move the note block to your desired position. To
Delete a note, select it and hit delete on your computer keyboard.
In our next lesson, we are going to turn Software Instruments and Loops into Audio.
 
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