Lesson 9
 

Working With AU Software Instruments
 
Logic also allows you to use third party software instruments such as the Kontakt Sampler or Garritan virtual orchestra. There are a whole host of third party software instruments on the market. These are called Instrument Plug-ins and are accessed through something called
Audio Units or AU Instruments.
 
This tutorial is assuming that you have a third party AU instrument installed on your Mac. We are going to be using Garritan Instant Orchestra for this tutorial, but the concepts are the same for any AU installed software instrument.
 
Create a new Logic project and title it
Lesson 9 and add a software instrument. Since we are also going to set this up as a Multitimbral instrument make sure that you set it up a follows.
 
image001
 
Make sure that you select
Software Instrument and the Multi-timbral box and that you have 8 MIDI tracks.
 
Your arrange window should look as follows:
 
image002
 
We are now going to add an
AU instrument to Inst 1.
 
Go to the I/O box for
Inst 1 and from the pull down menu select Au Instruments.
 
In my case I am going to select
Garritan.
 
image004
 
I will now see the
Garritan user interface pop up. In Inst 1 I am loading the full woodwind section.
 
image006
 
I am now going to double click on the
Inst 1 track name and change it to Woodwinds.
 
image007
 
Because we set our Software Instrument up in Multi-timbral mode, all Software instrument tracks have the
Garritan Aria Player plug-in loaded into the I/O slot of the track.
 
image008
 
I can now go through and load in different sounds into each track. Here is an example:
 
image009
 
If you own any third part AU plug-in sounds, experiment with setting up multi-timbral software instrument tracks.
 
To view a brief tutorial on setting up an external Multitimbral Instrument, click on the following link:
 
 
Clip 13
 
 
 
Logic Project 9:
 
Create a new Logic Project and set up at least 4 Multi-timbral software tracks using Garritan Instant Orchestra. Label your tracks. Load in 4 different instruments/patches from Garritan.
 
 
Region MIDI Editing
 
This tutorial takes you through some basic MIDI editing procedures in Logic.
 
Create a new Logic project with a software instrument and record at least 8 measures. For this example I am going to record a simple C major scale.
 
image011
 
Delete
 
This one is simple. Click on the region that you recorded in the
Arrange window so that it is highlighted and then hit the delete key on your computer keyboard. The region is now gone.
 
Use
command Z to undo your delete.
 
Move

 
You can move a region along the same track or up and down to other tracks by simply grabbing the region with your mouse and sliding it around the
Arrange window.
 
Cut
 
This is a little different than
delete.
 
I am going to have you open the
Score Editor because you can see the cut a little easier by viewing the written notation.
 
Click on the recorded MIDI region so that it is highlighted.
 
image012
 
Select the
Score Editor by clicking on the Score icon located at the bottom of the Arrange Window.
 
image013
 
You will now see a notated version of your track.
 
In this case I want to make a cut in measure 3 so I am clicking on measure 3 in the
Transport window so that my playhead will be positioned on measure 3.
 
image014
 
At the top of the
Arrange window are several icons. Click on the Split by Playhead
 
image015
 
Notice that measure 3 has now been removed. You can easily see this in the
Score view.
 
Use
command Z to undo your delete.
 
 
 
 
 
Copy/Paste
 
I am now going to show you two ways to copy/paste in the arrange window using MIDI regions.
 
Click on the region that you want to copy by highlighting it.
 
image012
 
Hold down the
option key on your computer keyboard, grab the region with your mouse, and slide it to where you want a copy to appear. In this case I just slid it over to the next open measure creating an exact duplicate of my first MIDI region.
 
image017
 
For the second method, click on the region you want to copy so that it is highlighted.
 
Type
command C on your computer keyboard for copy.
 
Move the
Playhead to where you want to paste your duplicate track.
 
Type
command V on your computer keyboard for paste.
 
Repeat
 
When you repeat a region, you are defining how many times you want that region to repeat. This is different from a loop, where the repeat is ongoing with no end in sight!
 
Click on the region to highlight it.
 
Type
command R on your computer keyboard and you will now see the following dialog box:
 
image018
 
Type in the
Number of Copies that you want for a repeat and Logic will automatically create that number of repeats.
 
Type
Command Z to undo.
 
Here is another way to create a repeat.
 
Click on the
Cycle bar so that your region is within your cycle.
Also make sure that your region is highlighted.
 
image019
 
Click on the
Repeat Section icon located at the top of the Arrange window.
 
image020
 
 
You will now have created a repeat.
 
Type
Command Z to undo.
 
Glue
 
Glue allows you to put a group of Regions together to create a single Region.
As you can see below, I have a series of shorter regions in my
Arrange window.
 
image021
 
Select the regions that you want to glue together by
shift clicking on them so that they are highlighted.
 
image022
 
Hit the
esc key on your computer keyboard and select the Glue Tool.
 
image023
 
Click on the first highlighted region and the
Glue tool will now turn the highlighted mini regions into one larger region.
 
image024
 
Merge
 
This works a little differently than the
Glue tool in that you are merging all of the regions in a track into a single region. Why do this? Some folks find it easier to work on a single region rather than a series of short regions. And if you want to work in the Score Editor, it is much easier to view a single region rather than a series of short regions.
 
This works similar to the
Glue tool.
 
Shift-Click to select all the regions in a track, and then click on the Merge icon to merge all the regions together.
 
image025
 
Done!
 
Editing Velocity
 
Velocity is measured by how hard you strike a key on your piano keyboard. It is measured from 0-127. You can think of velocity as volume, especially when you are using it to shape a musical phrase.
 
A rough dynamic breakdown of velocity (0-127) is as follows:
 
p = 0-55
 
mp = 56-88
 
mf = 89-108
 
f = 109-127
 
Remember that the above values are subjective in that the patch (sound) that you are using may not respond to the above values. For example, a xylophone patch will not be as velocity sensitive as a violin patch.
 
Velocity Layers
 
When you edit velocity in Logic, you have several choices:
 
The
Event List
 
The
Hyper Editor
The
Velocity Tool in the Piano Roll Editor
 
The
Velocity Tool in the Score Editor
 
Create a new piano software track in logic and record the following C Major Scale:
 
image027
 
The Event List
 
The
Event List allows you to edit velocities using a list.
 
To open the
Event List click on the Lists icon in the upper right-hand side of the Arrange Window.
 
image028
 
Make sure that you have the
Event Tab selected. You will now see the following window:
 
image029
 
I want you to pay attention to two columns: the
Num column, which displays the notes that you recorded, and the Val column, which displays the Velocity of each note that you played.
 
If you want to change the
velocity of any single note, simply double-click on the Val number next to that note, and type in a value from 0-127)
 
image030
 
It is that simple! You can also change your note value as well using the same method.
 
 
The Hyper Editor
 
This is another method for editing
Velocity.
 
Click on your MIDI region so that it is highlighted.
 
image031
 
Select the
Hyper Editor icon located at the bottom of the Arrange Window by clicking on it.
 
image032
 
You will now see the following window:
 
image034
 
Note: You may have to use the
sliders located on the right-hand side of the Hyper Editor screen to scroll down to see All Velocities.
 
image035
 
You can also use the
resize slider to resize the window.
 
image036
 
You will also notice that some of the
Editors have an Inspector attached to them. If you select the All Velocities by clicking on it.
 
image037
 
You will notice the
Inspector also pops up on the left hand side of the window.
 
image038
 
Let's look at some of the
Inspector attributes:
 
Pan Width: Note Length allows you to set how wide the pitches are  in the bar chart so that editing can be easier.
 
image040
 
Grid 1/16th Note allows you change the resolution of the grid.
 
Length allows you to edit note length.
 
Pitch allows you to change a note's pitch.'
 
To change the velocity of a single note, make sure that the velocity bars are grayed out, by clicking above or below them. Select the
Velocity Bar by clicking on it and move the bar up or down to change the velocity.
 
image041
 
If you want to raise or lower the velocity of all the bars, click on
All Velocities to select all the bars and grab the first bar and move all of the bars up and down.
 
Editing Velocity In The Score Editor
 
This is another method of editing velocity.
 
Make sure that your MIDI region is selected by clicking on it.
 
image042
 
Open the
Score Editor by clicking on the icon at the bottom of the Arrange Window.
 
image043
 
You will now see your scale in notation form:
 
image044
 
In the
Score Editor window notice the icons located in the upper right hand side of the window.
 
image045
 
Click on the arrow icon (first one) and select the
Velocity Tool.
 
image046
 
Notice that your mouse pointer will now turn to a
v.
 
Click on a note and hold the mouse down while moving the mouse up or down. You will see a yellow box showing you how the velocity of the note is changing higher or lower.
 
Make sure that you deselect the
Velocity Tool and return to the Pointer Tool when you leave the Score Editor.
 
Logic Project 10:
 
Create a new Logic Project and record the following with a piano sound. Make sure that your velocities (volume) match the notation.
 
image048
 
 
 
Editing MIDI Using The Piano Roll
 
This is where I spend most of my time editing my recorded tracks.
Hopefully, you still have your C Major scale from the tutorial above. If not, create a duplicate.
 
To enter the
Piano Roll highlight your MIDI region.
 
image042
 
Select
Piano Roll from the bottom icons in the Arrange Window
 
image049
 
You will now see your C Major scale recording in the piano roll.
 
Note: you may have to use the up/down arrows on the right-hand side of the
Piano Roll window to scroll down or up to find your MIDI notes.
 
image050
 
You should now see the following:
 
image052
 
To make your notes larger in the
Piano Roll window use the slider that in on the right hand side of the Piano Roll window.
 
image053
 
 
Moving Notes (MIDI Blocks) Around
 
To move a note around in the
Piano Roll, simply grab the note block with your mouse and move it around the grid.
 
Note: To change the grid in the
Piano Roll, locate the Snap pull down menu located at the top of the Piano Roll.
 
image054
 
You have the following choices for grid selection:
 
image055
 
Experiment with different grid settings to see how they react.
 
Also, when you click on a note, you will hear the note as you click on it.
 
Changing The Length Of A Note
 
To Lengthen or Shorten the duration of a note, simply place your mouse cursor to the left or right hand side of a note block. Your cursor will now change to left/right arrows. Grab the note block and lengthen or shorten the note.
 
Copy And Paste And Delete
 
You May also copy a note by selecting it, copying it, and then pasting it into the piano roll. You may then move the note block to your desired position. To
Delete a note, select it and hit delete on your computer keyboard.
In our next lesson, we are going to turn Software Instruments and Loops into Audio.
 
 
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