Lesson 9

Working With AU Software Instruments
Logic also allows you to use third party software instruments such as the Kontakt Sampler or Garritan virtual orchestra. There are a whole host of third party software instruments on the market. These are called Instrument Plug-ins and are accessed through something called
Audio Units or AU Instruments.
This tutorial is assuming that you have a third party AU instrument installed on your Mac. We are going to be using Garritan Instant Orchestra for this tutorial, but the concepts are the same for any AU installed software instrument.
Create a new Logic project and title it
Lesson 9 and add a software instrument. Since we are also going to set this up as a Multitimbral instrument make sure that you set it up a follows.
Make sure that you select
Software Instrument and the Multi-timbral box and that you have 8 MIDI tracks.
Your arrange window should look as follows:
We are now going to add an
AU instrument to Inst 1.
Go to the I/O box for
Inst 1 and from the pull down menu select Au Instruments.
In my case I am going to select
I will now see the
Garritan user interface pop up. In Inst 1 I am loading the full woodwind section.
I am now going to double click on the
Inst 1 track name and change it to Woodwinds.
Because we set our Software Instrument up in Multi-timbral mode, all Software instrument tracks have the
Garritan Aria Player plug-in loaded into the I/O slot of the track.
I can now go through and load in different sounds into each track. Here is an example:
If you own any third part AU plug-in sounds, experiment with setting up multi-timbral software instrument tracks.
To view a brief tutorial on setting up an external Multitimbral Instrument, click on the following link:
Clip 13
Logic Project 9:
Create a new Logic Project and set up at least 4 Multi-timbral software tracks using Garritan Instant Orchestra. Label your tracks. Load in 4 different instruments/patches from Garritan.
Region MIDI Editing
This tutorial takes you through some basic MIDI editing procedures in Logic.
Create a new Logic project with a software instrument and record at least 8 measures. For this example I am going to record a simple C major scale.
This one is simple. Click on the region that you recorded in the
Arrange window so that it is highlighted and then hit the delete key on your computer keyboard. The region is now gone.
command Z to undo your delete.

You can move a region along the same track or up and down to other tracks by simply grabbing the region with your mouse and sliding it around the
Arrange window.
This is a little different than
I am going to have you open the
Score Editor because you can see the cut a little easier by viewing the written notation.
Click on the recorded MIDI region so that it is highlighted.
Select the
Score Editor by clicking on the Score icon located at the bottom of the Arrange Window.
You will now see a notated version of your track.
In this case I want to make a cut in measure 3 so I am clicking on measure 3 in the
Transport window so that my playhead will be positioned on measure 3.
At the top of the
Arrange window are several icons. Click on the Split by Playhead
Notice that measure 3 has now been removed. You can easily see this in the
Score view.
command Z to undo your delete.
I am now going to show you two ways to copy/paste in the arrange window using MIDI regions.
Click on the region that you want to copy by highlighting it.
Hold down the
option key on your computer keyboard, grab the region with your mouse, and slide it to where you want a copy to appear. In this case I just slid it over to the next open measure creating an exact duplicate of my first MIDI region.
For the second method, click on the region you want to copy so that it is highlighted.
command C on your computer keyboard for copy.
Move the
Playhead to where you want to paste your duplicate track.
command V on your computer keyboard for paste.
When you repeat a region, you are defining how many times you want that region to repeat. This is different from a loop, where the repeat is ongoing with no end in sight!
Click on the region to highlight it.
command R on your computer keyboard and you will now see the following dialog box:
Type in the
Number of Copies that you want for a repeat and Logic will automatically create that number of repeats.
Command Z to undo.
Here is another way to create a repeat.
Click on the
Cycle bar so that your region is within your cycle.
Also make sure that your region is highlighted.
Click on the
Repeat Section icon located at the top of the Arrange window.
You will now have created a repeat.
Command Z to undo.
Glue allows you to put a group of Regions together to create a single Region.
As you can see below, I have a series of shorter regions in my
Arrange window.
Select the regions that you want to glue together by
shift clicking on them so that they are highlighted.
Hit the
esc key on your computer keyboard and select the Glue Tool.
Click on the first highlighted region and the
Glue tool will now turn the highlighted mini regions into one larger region.
This works a little differently than the
Glue tool in that you are merging all of the regions in a track into a single region. Why do this? Some folks find it easier to work on a single region rather than a series of short regions. And if you want to work in the Score Editor, it is much easier to view a single region rather than a series of short regions.
This works similar to the
Glue tool.
Shift-Click to select all the regions in a track, and then click on the Merge icon to merge all the regions together.
Editing Velocity
Velocity is measured by how hard you strike a key on your piano keyboard. It is measured from 0-127. You can think of velocity as volume, especially when you are using it to shape a musical phrase.
A rough dynamic breakdown of velocity (0-127) is as follows:
p = 0-55
mp = 56-88
mf = 89-108
f = 109-127
Remember that the above values are subjective in that the patch (sound) that you are using may not respond to the above values. For example, a xylophone patch will not be as velocity sensitive as a violin patch.
Velocity Layers
When you edit velocity in Logic, you have several choices:
Event List
Hyper Editor
Velocity Tool in the Piano Roll Editor
Velocity Tool in the Score Editor
Create a new piano software track in logic and record the following C Major Scale:
The Event List
Event List allows you to edit velocities using a list.
To open the
Event List click on the Lists icon in the upper right-hand side of the Arrange Window.
Make sure that you have the
Event Tab selected. You will now see the following window:
I want you to pay attention to two columns: the
Num column, which displays the notes that you recorded, and the Val column, which displays the Velocity of each note that you played.
If you want to change the
velocity of any single note, simply double-click on the Val number next to that note, and type in a value from 0-127)
It is that simple! You can also change your note value as well using the same method.
The Hyper Editor
This is another method for editing
Click on your MIDI region so that it is highlighted.
Select the
Hyper Editor icon located at the bottom of the Arrange Window by clicking on it.
You will now see the following window:
Note: You may have to use the
sliders located on the right-hand side of the Hyper Editor screen to scroll down to see All Velocities.
You can also use the
resize slider to resize the window.
You will also notice that some of the
Editors have an Inspector attached to them. If you select the All Velocities by clicking on it.
You will notice the
Inspector also pops up on the left hand side of the window.
Let's look at some of the
Inspector attributes:
Pan Width: Note Length allows you to set how wide the pitches are  in the bar chart so that editing can be easier.
Grid 1/16th Note allows you change the resolution of the grid.
Length allows you to edit note length.
Pitch allows you to change a note's pitch.'
To change the velocity of a single note, make sure that the velocity bars are grayed out, by clicking above or below them. Select the
Velocity Bar by clicking on it and move the bar up or down to change the velocity.
If you want to raise or lower the velocity of all the bars, click on
All Velocities to select all the bars and grab the first bar and move all of the bars up and down.
Editing Velocity In The Score Editor
This is another method of editing velocity.
Make sure that your MIDI region is selected by clicking on it.
Open the
Score Editor by clicking on the icon at the bottom of the Arrange Window.
You will now see your scale in notation form:
In the
Score Editor window notice the icons located in the upper right hand side of the window.
Click on the arrow icon (first one) and select the
Velocity Tool.
Notice that your mouse pointer will now turn to a
Click on a note and hold the mouse down while moving the mouse up or down. You will see a yellow box showing you how the velocity of the note is changing higher or lower.
Make sure that you deselect the
Velocity Tool and return to the Pointer Tool when you leave the Score Editor.
Logic Project 10:
Create a new Logic Project and record the following with a piano sound. Make sure that your velocities (volume) match the notation.
Editing MIDI Using The Piano Roll
This is where I spend most of my time editing my recorded tracks.
Hopefully, you still have your C Major scale from the tutorial above. If not, create a duplicate.
To enter the
Piano Roll highlight your MIDI region.
Piano Roll from the bottom icons in the Arrange Window
You will now see your C Major scale recording in the piano roll.
Note: you may have to use the up/down arrows on the right-hand side of the
Piano Roll window to scroll down or up to find your MIDI notes.
You should now see the following:
To make your notes larger in the
Piano Roll window use the slider that in on the right hand side of the Piano Roll window.
Moving Notes (MIDI Blocks) Around
To move a note around in the
Piano Roll, simply grab the note block with your mouse and move it around the grid.
Note: To change the grid in the
Piano Roll, locate the Snap pull down menu located at the top of the Piano Roll.
You have the following choices for grid selection:
Experiment with different grid settings to see how they react.
Also, when you click on a note, you will hear the note as you click on it.
Changing The Length Of A Note
To Lengthen or Shorten the duration of a note, simply place your mouse cursor to the left or right hand side of a note block. Your cursor will now change to left/right arrows. Grab the note block and lengthen or shorten the note.
Copy And Paste And Delete
You May also copy a note by selecting it, copying it, and then pasting it into the piano roll. You may then move the note block to your desired position. To
Delete a note, select it and hit delete on your computer keyboard.
In our next lesson, we are going to turn Software Instruments and Loops into Audio.
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