Lesson 8
 

Logic's Software Instrument Inspector
 
Create a new Logic project and title it
Lesson 8 and add a software instrument track.
 
Locate the I/O section of your software track and click on the empty slot directly below the I/O
 
image001
 
Select
ES2 Stereo from the pull down menu
 
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You will now see the
ES2 Software Instrument.
 
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ES2 Software Instrument
 
You can close the
ES2 window by clicking on the X in the upper left-hand side of the window.
 
To open it again, double click on the
ES2 name in the Channel track.
 
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Locate the
default pull down menu in the ES2 window and select
Synth Keyboards-Hybrid Electric Piano
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Play your MIDI keyboard. You should now hear the
Hybrid Electric Piano patch from the ES2. If you play your keyboard hard, you may notice it clipping.
 
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The ES2 clipping (not good)
 
We are now going to change the volume output directly from the
ES2. Locate the Volume control on the ES2 in the lower right-hand corner of the window. Grab the volume knob and lower the volume output.
image009 Volume Control
You may have to experiment several times before you get a good strong volume that is not clipping. Remember, when you are clipping in the digital world, you will be recording distortion and noise. Always check you output levels!
 
The Track Parameter Window
 
Click on the triangle next to the instrument name in the left-hand column to reveal the track parameters for our newly created software instrument.
 
 
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MIDI Channel All: Use the up/down arrows to select a MIDI channel for instance of the same instrument that you add. If it is set to All it will sound on all 16 MIDI Channels. It is best the set this to a single channel, that way you can add up to 16 instances of the same instrument sounding on independent MIDI channels.
 
Value as: DB: Logic will express volume information as MIDI values 0-127 or in decibels. The default is decibels.
 
Transposition raises the pitch 1/2 step for every 1 movement up or down. Place your cursor on the 0 next to Transposition, click and hold on the 0 and slide your mouse up and down to change the number value.
 
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To change octaves up/down quickly, click and hold on the up/down triangles.
 
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Velocity This is especially useful to quickly edit a note's velocity. Make sure that you have recorded something on the ES2 track. Type command-0 on your computer keyboard, and you will see the following window appear:
 
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From this window, simply click on a velocity value to change it. You can also edit individual notes as well.
 
The Sequence Parameter Box
 
Locate the box at the top of the instrument track window:
 
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The Sequence Parameter Box
 
Quantize: Click and Hold your mouse on the off and you will see the Quantize pull down window:
 
image015
 
This allows you to set a
Quantize value when you are recording. This is especially useful for entering percussion parts, where you want the timing to be locked in.
 
For an explanation of
Quantize, click on the link below:
 
Quantize
 
Experiment with the different Quantize values when you are recording.
 
Loop: If you check this box, Logic will loop a region.
 
Click on the region that you want to loop so that it is highlighted
 
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Check the box next to
loop or type L on your computer keyboard and the region will now be Looped.
 
l
image017
Looped Region
 
Transposition this is the same concept as covered above, but in this case your transposition will affect tracks that are already recorded. Make sure that you click on the region that you want to transpose, and then select the transposition.
 
Velocity: This was covered above, but in this case, positive values ADD to whatever you have already recorded and negative values subtract from the velocities that you have already recorded.
 
Dynamics: This is very similar to a compressor, except that it is working with differences in MIDI velocity. Place your cursor on the up/down triangles and hold it there. You will now see the following:
 
image018
 
Values above 100% expand the dynamics and increase the differences between loud and soft. Values below 100% compress the dynamics and reduce the differences in velocity. If you select
Fix, you can specify a single velocity for the track selected.
 
Experiment with the different settings and listen!!!
 
Gate Time: This affects note duration and length. Click on the up and down arrows located to the right of Gate Time:
 
image019
 
Anything below 100% will shorten a notes length. Anything above 100% will lengthen a notes length. This is especially useful on some legato sting patches as it will make the transition between notes smoother by lengthening the note values.
 
Delay works just like the delay setting in the Instrument Parameter Box. The units for Delay are in ticks:
 
3, 840 ticks for a whole note delay
 
960 ticks for a quarter note delay
 
240 ticks for a sixteenth note delay
 
120 ticks for a thirty-second note delay
 
60 ticks for a sixty-fourth note delay./
 
You really need to experiment with the different settings to find out which will work best for a particular sound or instrument. Take notes and write down those settings that work best for you.
 
 
 
Working With Automation
 
One of Logic's main features is that it allows you to create an
automated mix. This is especially useful for creating professional mixes and having the ability to change audio effects in real time. In the past, the audio engineer would be assigned this task, but in today's world, it is now required that composers have the ability to do this so they can present a final mix to a client.
 
Make sure that your
Hybrid Electric Piano patch is loaded from the lessons above and also make sure that you have recorded something.
 
Viewing Track Automation
 
There are two methods of viewing
Track Automation in Logic:
 
Click on the
Automation icon at the top of the Arrange Window in Logic
 
image020
 
Or, simply type the letter
A on your computer keyboard.
 
You will now see the following:
 
image021
 
Notice that you now have a line appearing on the track with
0.00 dB This indicates your track volume.
 
You also have the
Volume parameter appearing directly below the software instrument name.
 
If you hold your mouse on
Volume you will see the following pull down menu:
 
image022
 
If you select
Main from the menu you will see a new set of parameters.
 
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These allow you to select
MIDI Volume, Pan, Solo and Mute. You can then use the Pencil Tool to draw in your automation.
 
If you need to edit
Velocity you will need to do it in the Piano Roll Editor.
 
If you click on the
1 ES2 pull down menu you will now see several parameters that you can edit directly in the ES2 Software Instrument.
 
image024
 
There are so many effects that you can automate in each software instrument that it would take a separate course just to go through each instrument and effect. Experiment and take notes of any setting that you like. 
 
Automating Track Volume
 
Keep the main automation setting on
Volume. Click on the volume line to create a node. Notice that the line now turns yellow.
 
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If you place your cursor and click and hold on the
node you just created, you can now drag the node up and down to create a volume change.
 
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Notice that
Read now appears in green in the track name menu and the track slider.
 
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Read in Track menu
 
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Read in track slider.
 
This is telling us that Logic will now
read your automation. Hit the space bar on your computer keyboard to play back your MIDI track and notice the track slider moving. You have now created volume automation for this track!
 
Showing The Mixer Window
 
If you type
Command 2 on your computer keyboard or go to the Window pull down menu in Logic and select Mixer, you will now see Logic's Mixer Window.
 
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Play back your sequence and watch the slider on your
Hybrid Electric Piano track.
 
To view a brief tutorial on creating Volume Automation in Logic, click on the following link:
 
 
Clip 10
 
Remember
 
If you are working with MIDI or a software instrument, the
Only parameter that you can automate is Volume. All of the other MIDI editing must be done in the Piano Roll, Hyper Edit, or Hyper Draw.
 
This will be different when we start dealing with audio files.
 
You can, and should, experiment with automation and effects on all the software instruments in Logic. That is a topic unto itself! Get your hands dirty, mess around and have fun!
 
Setting Up MIDI and Audio Devices
 
Go to your
Applications folder on your Mac and then Utilities-Audio MIDI Setup.
 
I usually place this in my Dock for easy access.
 
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Audio MIDI Setup in my Dock
 
Launch the program and you will now see the following window:
 
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Note: This is the MIDI window in the Audio/MIDI setup.
 
To view both the Audio and MIDI windows, go to the
Window pull down menu at the top of your Finder and select Show Audio Window.
 
You will now see both the Audio and MIDI Windows on your screen.
 
Let's start with the MIDI window (shown above). This will show any MIDI device that you have connected to your Mac. The lighter colored devices indicate that the device is not currently connected. If you notice, the only device that is currently connected to my Mac is the
M Audio Keyrig 25.
 
Rather than write all the steps out, I have prepared two short video on setting up your MIDI interfaces.

 
Video 1

Video 2
 
Setting Up An Audio Interface
 
While Logic will allow you to record and listen to your audio through your Mac's built in microphone and speakers, it is usually best to purchase an
Audio Interface to add to your Mac.
 
There are hundreds of good interfaces on the market in a variety of price ranges and quality. Research them, read reviews, and find one that best fits your price range and sound needs.
 
I have been very happy with the Apogee Ensemble, but it is not cheap! Apogee also makes lower-end audio interfaces that sound great and are designed to work directly with a Mac.
 
To view a brief tutorial on setting up an Audio Interface on a Mac, click on the following link:
 
 
Clip 11

 
 
External Multi-Timbral Instrument Setup Using Logic's Software Instruments
 
I am now going to show you how to add an
External Multi-Timbral software instrument This tutorial assumes that you have an external MIDI instrument hooked up to Logic via your MIDI or USB interface.
 
If you don't have an external MID instrument hooked up to Logic. feel free to skip ahead to Lesson 9
 
Open a new Logic Project and title it
Multi 1 (yes there will be a multi-2)
 
When you launch the program, create a single
Software Instrument track, but don't select the Open Library box.
 
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You should now see the following track:
 
image034
 
We now need to go to Logic's
Environment window to set up our Multi-Instrument.
 
Hold down
Command (key)-8 on your computer keyboard or select Environment from the Window pull down menu.
 
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You will now see Logic's
Environment window:
 
image036
 
Go to the
New pull down menu and select Multi Instrument.
 
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You will now the
Multi Instrument square.
 
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When you click on the
Multi Instrument box, it will turn white and you will see more information appear on the left-hand side of the Environment window.
 
Port image039 allows you to select your MIDI input device. Just leave it set to Port: All
 
Notice that
Multi Instrument Box has 16 sub boxes with lines through them. Those are our MIDI channels. We need to activate the channels that we want to use by clicking on the boxes (the slashes will disappear.
 
For this exercise we are going to turn on 8 MIDI channels. Click on the first eight boxes:
 
image040
 
We are now going to name this
Multi Instrument. Do this by double-clicking on the white box. You will now see a new pop up dialog box.
 
image041
 
Type in the above info, close the window, and you will now see the following in your
Environment window:
image042
 
You can now close the
Environment window.
 
Go to the I/O for
Inst 1 and select External Instrument, Stereo.
 
image043
 
You will now see the following window appear:
 
image044
 
Under
MIDI Destination we can now select our Synth Multi-Channel 1 that we set up in the Environment window.
 
 
image045
 
Once you have done that, you can play your external synth and hear the sounds you have set up in channel one of your external instrument.
 
To add another track, click on the
+ button to the right of Global Tracks
 
image046
 
Select
Software Instrument and then click on the Create button.
 
 
image047
 
Repeat the I/O process from above, but this time select MIDI channel 2.
 
To name your tracks, simply double click on the track name and type in the sound that you added via your external instrument. In this case, I have a piano and bass track.
 
image048
 
To view a brief tutorial on setting up an external Multitimbral Instrument, click on the following link:
 
 
Clip 12

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