Lesson 7
 

Using Layers To Create Independent Lines
PrintMusic will allow you to create up to four independent melodic lines of music for each staff.
Open up your favorite String Quartet document again.
Enter the following into the 1
st Violin part:
image003
 
We are now going to create an alto part for this staff.
 
Select
Layer 2 from the Layer pull down menu located in the lower left hand corner of your screen.
 
image006
 
 
Enter the alto part in as follows. Notice that the notation appears in red indicating that you are in
Layer 2. This is a handy way of telling you that you are in another Layer. When you print out your score the notation will not appear in red.
 
image009
 
Select
Layer 3 from the Layer pull down menu located in the lower left hand corner of your screen.
image012
 
You may also select different
Layers from the View pull down menu.
From the
View pull down menu choose Select Layers and then choose your desired Layer.
image015
 
Enter the tenor part in as follows. Notice that the notation appears in green indicating that you are in
Layer 3.
image018
 
You may start to notice that our staff is getting a little crowded here. PrintMusic also has a solution for that problem as well.
From the
Document pull down menu select Show Active Layer Only
image021
 
Once selected, you should only see your entry notes from
Layer 3.
image024
 
Select
Layer 4 from the Layer pull down menu located in the lower left hand corner of your screen.
 
image027
 
Enter the bass part in as follows. Notice that the notation appears in blue indicating that you are in
Layer 4.
 
image030
 
Your finished product, although a bit cluttered, should look like this:
 
image033
We are now going to clean this up a little.
 
Make sure that you are just looking at Layer 4 and that the
Show Active Layer Only option is selected from the Document pull down menu.
 
We are now going to flip the stems down on the Layer 4 entry.
Select the
Speedy Entry Tool by clicking on it. Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.39.22 AM
 
Single click on the first measure. You will now see a box around the measure.
image039
 
Click on the first note so that it is selected.
image042
 
Hit the
L key on your keyboard to flip the stem to a downward position.
 
Repeat this process until all of the stems in Layer 4 are flipped downward.
 
image045
 
Go to the
View pull down menu and select Show Active Layer Only to unselect it, so we can view all of the layers at the same time.
 
image048
This looks a little better! For my (and your) peace of mind, switch back to layer 1.
 
image051
 
Project 11:
Using all of the concepts that we have covered so far, create a piano staff and enter the following: Note that when you are finished, you may have to separate the staves so that the note beams do not collide.
 
image053
 
Save this as your name Project 11.
 
Working With Alternate Notation
For this lesson we are going to be working with alternate notation. PrintMusic’s
Alternate Notation dialog box allows you to create Slash Notation, Rhythmic Notation, and One Bar Repeats.
Create a new PrintMusic document for piano. For
Notation Style select Handwritten Style just so you can see how cool the Jazz Font is. Add piano and select a 4/4 time signature in the key of C major.
Create the following in the top line of the piano staff:
 
image056
 
Once you have entered the notation, select the
Staff Tool Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.42.06 AM by clicking on it.
 
Highlight the first measure by clicking on it.
 
image060
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Apply Alternate Notation…
 
image063
 
You will now see the
Alternate Notation dialog box.
 
image064
 
We are going to apply
Slash Notation to the first measure so select Slash Notation and then click OK.
 
You should now have slashes appearing in your first measure.
 
image067
 
In the second measure we are going to apply
Rhythmic Notation.
 
Make sure that the
Staff Tool is still selected and then click on the second measure so that it is highlighted.
 
image070
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Apply Alternate Notation.
 
image073
 
Select
Rhythmic Notation and click OK.
 
You will now see rhythmic notation applied to the second measure.
 
image076
 
In the third measure we are going to apply a
One-Bar-Repeat sign. Add a whole note to the third measure.
 
Make sure that the
Staff Tool is still selected and then click on the third measure so that it is highlighted.
 
image079
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Apply Alternate Notation.
image082
 
Select
One-Bar-Repeat and click OK.
You will now see a
One-Bar-Repeat sign applied to the third measure.
Your three measures should look as follows:
 
image085
 
Mixing Slashes, Rhythmic Notation, And Notes
You can also mix alternate notation with regular notation within the same measure.
Create the following in an empty measure:
image088

Make sure that you still have the Staff Tool selected.
Select the first note of the measure by clicking on it. Make sure that only the first note is selected.
 
image091
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Apply Alternate Notation and then choose Slash Notation and click the OK button.
 
image094

You should now see the following:
 
image097
 
Now select the two eighth notes by clicking and dragging so that they are both highlighted.
 
image100
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Apply Alternate Notation and then choose Rhythmic Notation and click the OK button.
You should now see the following:
 
image103
 
Clearing Alternate Notation

To clear an
Alternate Notation entry:
Make sure that the
Staff Tool is still selected.
Highlight the measures that you want to clear the
Alternation Notation entry.
 
image106
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Clear Alternate Notation.
 
image109
 
Your notation will now return to note notation.
 
Project 12:
 
Using all of the concepts that we have covered so far, create a piano staff with jazz notation and enter the following into the top staff:
 
image111
 
Save this as your name Project 12.

Alternate Notation-Creating Drum Parts
PrintMusic uses something called
Percussion Mapping to provide you with the correct note heads and sounds for instruments used from the percussion groups. The following charts give you an idea on how PrintMusic maps out percussion sounds:
 
image113
 
image115
 
image117
 
The drum maps will give you an idea about the drum sounds and note heads that are used when you create a percussion instrument notation.
We are going to be working with a drum set. Create a new PrintMusic document titled
Drums. You are going to turn this project in, so save this as Your Name Drums.
Use the
Setup Wizard and create a drum set staff in 4/4 time, in the key of C Major, using the Handwritten Style (note that the drum set is found under the Percussion heading in the document setup Wizard).
 
image120
 
It should looks as follows:
 
Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 5.29.06 AM
 
If you add notes to this staff, PrintMusic will automatically create the  correct note heads for drum set notation along with the correct sounds.
 
Enter in the following and notice the notation and sounds that are created by PrintMusic:
 
Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 5.30.04 AM
 
Delete the above so that you have an empty staff again.
Using Layers For Drum Parts
We have already covered the use of Layers for creating independent lines within a single staff. This concept will really come in handy for creating drum set notation.
Drum set parts are often notated as follows:
image127
 
There are two basic formats for drum notation:
The written out groove for the drummer.
Drum Notation that shows time and basic “hit points” by the ensemble.
We are going to create both:
You are going to start by creating a Rock/Funk drum set part.
Create the following in
Layer 1 of your drum set staff:
Note: You may have to fiddle with the mouse on the 5th line to
show the X for ride cymbal. It is there! Just move your mouse around the
F line.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.16.20 PM

We now need to flip the stems up on our closed hi-hat part.
Select the
Speedy Entry Tool image133 by clicking on it,
 
Click on the first measure so that there is a box surrounding it.
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.18.10 PM

Click on the first note of the measure and hit the L key on your computer keyboard. Notice that the first group of sixteenth note stems flip up.
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.19.12 PM

Repeat the process until you have flipped up all of the sixteenth note stems.
We are now going to add the snare drum part.
Add the following in Layer 1: Again, Finale allows you to choose several different
note heads on the C line, just slide around till you get a note.
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.20.17 PM
We are now going to enter a kick drum part into our drum notation project.
 
Select
Layer 4 from the Layer pull down menu located in the lower left had corner of your screen.
 
image148
 
If you are entering this using the
Simple Entry Tool you are also going to need the Simple Entry Rests Palette. From the Window pull down menu, select Simple Entry Rests Palette.
 
image151
 
You will now see the
Simple Entry Rests Palette.
 Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 5.31.52 AM

At this point we only want to view our note entry in
Layer 4 so choose
Show Active Layer Only from the Document pull down menu.
 
image155
 
 
Enter in the following kick drum part using the
Rests Palette to enter in your rests:
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.25.31 PM

 
Use the
Speedy Entry Tool to flip the stems down for the kick drum part.
 
image161
 
At this point I also use the
Speedy Entry Tool to drag the rests down into the kick drum notation so that they don’t interfere with the snare drum notation. Using the Speedy Entry Tool grab the rests and move them downward as follows:
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.26.16 PM

 
From the
Document pull down menu, deselect Show Active Layer Only and you will now see your finished drum notation.
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.26.38 PM

 
Play back your drum part and give it a listen. I would suggest a tempo of about 80 BPM or less.
 
Remember to switch back to
Layer 1 and to save your work!
I would highly recommend getting Larry Finn’s
Beyond The Backbeat (Boston: Berklee Press 2000) for great examples of written out drum grooves.
Once you have notated a beat for a drummer to play, you really don’t have to keep writing it out. Use slash notation to indicate that the beat is to continue on in the same manner.
Drummers also like to have an indication of important ensemble sections that they may need to hit or emphasize when they are playing.
We are now going to notate ensemble rhythms in our drum part.

NOTE: You can only do the following if you have the full version of Finale. Finale PrintMusic will not allow you do to this!
If you don’t own the full version of Finale, skip down the page to Project 13!

Most drum parts contain slashes in the main body of the staff and instrumental rhythmic accents notated at the top of the staff.
Create a new PrintMusic document with a drum set staff.
Create the following in
Layer 2:
image170
 
Remember to flip the stems up and move the rests upward using the
Speedy Entry Tool.
 
We have now created the ensemble hits in the drum part.
 
We are now going to use
Layer 3, because we don’t have any notation information in that layer. Once we switch to slash notation in a specific Layer, the entire Layer will revert to slash notation. By setting up our drum part in this manner, we have left Layer 1 and Layer 4 free for any notation that we may want to add later.
 
Using
Layer 3, create the following:
 
image173
We now have to define the alternate notation that we are going to use in Layer 3.
 
Select the
Staff Tool image176 from the Main Tool Palette by clicking on it. With your mouse, drag and highlight the first two measures so that they are selected.
 
image179
 
From the
Staff pull down menu select Edit Staff Attributes…
 
image182
 
You will now see the
Staff Attributes dialog box:
 
image185
 
Click on the
Select button located to the right of the Alternate Notation check box.
image188
 
You will now see the
Alternate Notation dialog box.
 
Select the
Slash Notation button and select Layer 3 from the Apply To: pull down menu.
 
image191
 
Click on the
OK button in the Alternate Notation dialog box.
 
Click on the
OK button in the Staff Attributes dialog box.
 
You should now see the following:
 
image194
 
Project 13:  

Using all of the concepts that we have covered so far, create the drum part notated below:
 
Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 6.33.23 PM
 
Save this as your name Project 13. 
 
Recap: Lesson 7

You should have a better understanding of:
Using layers to create independent lines
Working with Alternate notation
Slash notation
Rhythmic notation
One bar repeats
Mixing slashes, rhythmic notation and notes within a measure
Clearing alternate notation
Using alternate notation to create drum parts
Using layers for drum parts
Drum set part notation
Moving rests with the Simple Entry Tool
Flipping note stems with the Simple Entry Tool
 
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