Lesson 6

Playback Controls (Hearing Your Music)

The Playback control has the look and feel of a typical tape deck control for playing back and recording your music.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.15.57 AM

We are now going to look at each control in the
Playback window.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.28.04 PM Rewind To The Beginning.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.28.16 PM Rewind One Measure At A Time. Clicking on this button will rewind your
score one measure at a time.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.28.22 PM Stop Button. This will stop your sequence from playing back.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.28.27 PMPlay Button. Clicking this button will begin your playback.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.28.32 PM Pause Button. Once you begin playing back your sequence,
the
Play Button will turn into the Pause Button. Clicking on the Pause Button
will stop your sequence. The Measure text box will indicate the measure you
stopped at. Clicking on the
Play Button again will resume playback from the
measure you stopped.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.30.49 PM The Record Button. Clicking the Record Button will start recording
when the
HyperScribe Tool is selected. We will cover HyperScribe later in the course.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.30.55 PM Forward One Measure At A Time. Clicking on this button will
forward your score one measure at a time.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.31.01 PMForward To The End.


Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.31.11 PM Measure Text Box. This box indicates your current playback measure.
Use the arrow keys to move forward or back for playback. You may also double-click
the number box, type in a measure number, hit
Return on your computer keyboard,
and then click on the
Play Button to start playback from a specific measure in your
score.

The
Measure Text Box will also show you the current measure being played in your score.


Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.31.17 PM The Tempo box allows you to use the scroll arrows to select
your beat note value.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.33.24 PM

You may also use the scroll arrows to change the speed of your playback. The default playback speed is Quarter-note 120.

Enter the following into your Violin 1 part of the String Quartet.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.33.38 PM

Once you have entered the above notation, hit the
Space Bar on your keyboard to begin playback.

Notice that PrintMusic will also playback dynamics, articulations, and even the trill!

Try the following keyboard shortcuts for playing back your score:

For Macintosh Users:

Command Keyboard Shortcut

Begin/Pause playing (playback Ctrls. open) Spacebar

Play without Playback Ctrls. open. Spacebar-click in staff

Play from current measure (current staff) Shift-spacebar-click in staff
Play from current measure (whole score) Spacebar-click between staves.

Play Measure 1 all staves Spacebar-click to the left of a staff system.

Play Measure 1 single staff Shift-spacebar-click to the left of a staff

Scrub music all staves Option-spacebar and drag across music.

Scrub music single staff Option-Shift-spacebar and drag across music.

For PC Users:

Command Keyboard Shortcut

Begin/Pause playing (playback Ctrls. open) Spacebar

Play without Playback Ctrls. open. Spacebar-click in staff

Play from current measure (current staff) Shift-spacebar-click in staff
Play from current measure (whole score) Spacebar-click between staves.

Play Measure 1 all staves Spacebar-click to the left of a staff system.

Play Measure 1 single staff Shift-spacebar-click to the left of a staff

Scrub music all staves Ctrl.-spacebar and drag across music.

Scrub music single staff Ctrl.-Shift-spacebar and drag across music.



Selecting Staves For Playback

Sometimes you may not want to hear every staff in your score during playback. You can decide which staves you want to hear when you playback your score.

From the
Window pull down menu, select Mixer

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.37.12 PM

You will now see the following:

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.17.49 AM

The Mixer window will show all of your staves.

To change the volume of an instrument (stave) just move the slider up or down by grabbing it with your mouse.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.18.27 AMGrab the slider to adjust volume during playback.

To change the Pan (placement in the stereo field) grab the pan pot and move it from left to right with your mouse.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.19.06 AM Pan position.

To mute (silence a stave during playback, click on the mute button so that it turns red.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.19.16 AM Track Muted (silenced during playback).

If you select the solo button on a stave only that instrument will sound during playback. All other tracks will be muted.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.21.44 AM Track in solo mode.

You may also change the reverb type of your overall mix by selecting a different reverb from the
Reverb Level pull down menu located in the MIDI Mixer channel of the mixer:


Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.22.59 AM Changing the reverb type.

You may also adjust the amount of reverb by moving the knob that controls the reverb level.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.24.25 AM

Playback Styles

PrintMusic will also allow you to select different playback styles for your music. To choose a playback style, go to the MIDI pull down menu and select Human Playback.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.42.28 PM


You may now choose from a variety of playback styles.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.42.35 PM

Experiment with different playback styles for you music. Some are quite interesting!

Your PrintMusic Manual provides a brief description on each playback style.

Instrument Definitions (Changing Sounds)

PrintMusic will also allow you to change the sound of your playback instrument.

From the
Window pull down menu select ScoreManager. Note that you may also open with from within the Mixer.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.26.16 AM

You will now see the Score Manager dialog box.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.27.40 AM


Click on the triangle located to the right of the Violin name located in the
Sound column. You will now see the following:

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.33.15 AM

Select
Piano and then Electric Piano 1

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.35.10 AM

You will now see the new sound attached to your Violin I Staff


Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.35.22 AM

Close the window by clicking on the red button in the upper left-hand side
of the
Score Manager.

Screen Shot 2014-06-27 at 6.40.48 AM

Enter some notes into your Violin I part and notice that they are now and
Electric Piano Sound.


Changing The Instrument Name (on the score)

We now want to also change the name of our Violin I part to reflect
our electric Piano sound.


Make sure your
Score Manager window is still open and locate
Staff Settings for Selected Instrument in the lower left hand side of the window


Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.22.00 AM

Enter the following Info:


Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.23.35 AM

The new name will appear in your score and because we originally created two violin
parts I and II, the number I will also appear next to the Electric Piano name.
Not what we want, but it seems to be a glitch in the program. Hopefully this will be
addressed in an update.


Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.28.50 AM



Project 9:

Using your original string quartet document create the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.47.30 PM

Use the Save As command so you don’t overwrite your original String Quartet and save this as your name Project 9.

Once you have entered in the above score. Change the instrument sounds so that each instrument has a new sound. Make sure that you have each instrument playing on a different MIDI channel and that no two instruments have the same sound. You don’t have to change the instrument name unless you want to.



The Lyrics Tool Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.33.35 AM

The Lyrics Tool allows you to create, edit, and position lyrics in your score. When you click on the Lyrics Tool the Lyrics pull down menu will be added to the top of your screen.

We are now going to create some simple lyrics into yes; you guessed it, our string quartet document!

Create the following in either violin part:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.49.39 PM


Once you have entered in our familiar song, select the
Lyrics Tool

Screen Shot 2014-07-01 at 5.33.35 AM by clicking on it. Notice that the Lyrics pull down menu has now been added to the top of your screen. We are now going to type lyrics directly into your score.

This catchy little tune has two verses. We now have to specify what verse you are going to add. From the
Lyrics pull down menu select Specify Current Lyric…

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.49.52 PM

You will now see the Specify Current Lyric dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.50.43 PM

It should default to
Number 1 for the first verse. Make sure it reads 1, and then click OK.

Click on the first note of the measure and you should now see a blinking cursor.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.50.57 PM

Enter the following lyrics:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.51.10 PM

Use the spacebar or tab key on your computer keyboard to move forward to the next note after you have entered a lyric.
If you make a mistake, use the arrow keys on you computer keyboard (or
Backspace key for PC users) to move backwards, or click on a note head to select a lyric.

You can delete a lyric by clicking on a note head so the word becomes highlighted, then use your
delete key on your computer keyboard to remove the word.

Adding A Second Verse

We are now going to add a second verse to our song. From the Lyrics pull down menu select Specify Current Lyric…

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.51.37 PM

You will now see the
Specify Current Lyric dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.51.49 PM

This time type
Number 2 in the Number box to specify the second verse to our song.

Click on the first note of the first measure and notice that the blinking cursor is now below our first lyric.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.52.03 PM

You may now enter in a second verse lyric.


Entering A Melismatic Lyric Passage

A Melismatic passage contains one syllable sustained through several melody notes.

Add two more measures to your Mary Melody in the
Cello part.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.52.49 PM

From the
Lyrics pull down menu, make sure that Use Smart Hyphens and Word Extensions are selected with a check mark.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.53.01 PM

Once you have entered the extra two measures, type the word
Oh on the first note of the added measure then use your Space Bar to move to the whole note in the next measure.

Type the word
Yea under the whole note.

Now click anywhere in your document and you will now see a lyric word extension.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.53.09 PM

Now that you have created a
Lyric Extension you may want to edit the word extension.

From the
Lyric pull down menu select Edit Word Extensions.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.53.36 PM

You will now see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.53.54 PM

You can grab the box attached to the Lyric extension line and drag it to make it longer or shorter.


Setting A Global Lyrics Font

PrintMusic will also allow you to use different fonts for your lyrics.
This will set the default font for lyrics that you are about to enter into a score. It will also change the font for lyrics that you have already entered into a score.

From the
Document pull down menu scroll down and choose Select Default Fonts…

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.54.20 PM

You will now see the
Select Default Fonts dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.54.27 PM

Click on the
Set Font button located to the right of Lyrics:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.54.33 PM

You will now see the Font dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.55.01 PM

The
Font dialog box will allow you to choose different fonts, sizes, and styles for your lyrics. Feel free to experiment with different lyric fonts. Just remember that by selecting a different font you will be changing all of the lyrics that you already entered, as well as any future lyrics that you will enter into your score.

The
Font dialog box will also allow you to change the font for Text and Chord entries as well. Feel free to experiment using different fonts.

Close the
Font dialog box.

Adjusting The Vertical Position Of A Lyric

Once you have a set of lyrics entered into a score, you may want to adjust the lyric’s vertical position.

Select the
Lyric Tool if it is not already selected.

From the
Lyric pull down menu select Specify Current Lyric since we have to tell PrintMusic which lyric we are going to move.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.55.44 PM

You will now see the
Specify Current Lyric dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.57.40 PM

Since we are going to adjust the first verse of our song, type
Number 1 in the Number box.

From the
Lyric pull down menu select Type Into Score.


Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.57.48 PM

You will now see two small triangles appear on the left of your staff system.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.58.28 PM

Drag the left triangle up or down to adjust the lyric’s baseline position for the entire score.

Drag the right triangle up or down to adjust the lyric’s baseline position for a single system (you should only drag the right triangle while in
Page View so you can see the system you are affecting).

Moving Or Deleting A Lyric Syllable

You may also want to reposition or delete a lyric syllable.

Make sure that the
Lyric Tool is still selected.

Select
Adjust Syllables from the Lyric pull down menu.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.58.33 PM

Click on the note that contains the syllable that you want to move and you will see a box attached to the lyric syllable.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 5.58.43 PM

Grab the box with your mouse to reposition your lyric syllable.



Project 10:

Create an eight bar piece that contains two verses of lyrics and at least one measure containing a lyric extension. Just think! You don’t have to open up that #$@#$ String Quartet for this project!

Save this as
Your Name Project 10.



Recap: Lesson 6

You should have a better understanding of:

Playback Controls

Keyboard Shortcuts for playback controls

The Instrument List dialog box

Playback Styles

Instrument Definitions (changing instrument sounds)

The Lyrics Tool

Adding lyric verses

Entering a Melismatic lyric passage

Editing word extensions

Setting a global lyric font
Adjusting the vertical position of a lyric

Moving or deleting a lyric syllable


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