Lesson 4

The Articulation Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.35.14 AM

The Articulation Tool allows you to enter one-character articulation markings (accents, fermatas, staccato markings etc.) into your score.

I know that you are probably sick of your String Quartet by now, but…open in up anyway!

Create the following in the Violin 1 part:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.13.43 AM

Select the Articulation Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.35.14 AM by clicking on it.

Click on the first note of the Violin 1 part and you will now see the following dialog box:

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.37.47 AM

The
Articulation Tool dialog box allows you to select a variety of articulations to apply to entries in your score.

Use the
Scroll Bar on the right hand side of the box to scroll through the various articulations.

For now, let’s add an accent to the first note of our Violin 1 part.

Select the accent icon by clicking on it.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.15.27 AM

Once it is selected, click the
Select button and you should now see the accent articulation placed below your first note.

To move an articulation above or below an entry, just grab the box attached to the articulation and reposition it.

To Enter A Series Of Articulations Using The Articulation Tool

If you have a series of notes that you want to apply the same articulation to, PrintMusic has a shortcut for adding an articulation.

Enter the following into your Violin 1 part:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.17.54 AM

Select the
Articulation Tool.

Click and drag across all of the notes. You will see a gray box as you click and drag.

You will now see the Articulation dialog box:

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.37.47 AM

Select the
Staccato articulation and then hit the Select button.

You should now see staccato articulations attached to all of the eighth notes.

This is a fast and easy way to apply articulations to a large area in your score.

Do it! Practice with the articulation tool and doing Mass articulations!

Project 5:

Using your original string quartet document, create the following.

Use the Save As command so you don’t overwrite your original String Quartet and save this as your name Project 5.


Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.18.31 AM







The Expression Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.38.59 AM

The Expression Tool allows you to create, edit, and place text expression markings into your score.

If you have not already figured it out, we are going back to the dreaded String Quartet!

Create the following in either Violin part:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.19.22 AM



Single click on the
Expression Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.38.59 AM to select it.

Double click on the first note of the measure, or any where under the first measure. You will now see the
Expression Selection dialog box.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.19.54 AM



From the
Expression Selection dialog box, you can edit, and create text expressions to add to your score.

Use the scroll arrows located on the right hand side of the dialog box to scroll down through the various expressions already provided by Finale.

Notice that some expressions have
Key Velocity numbers attached to them. This represents in MIDI language how loud (velocity) the note or notes will sound with 0 being no sound and 127 being full velocity (full volume).

Single click on the
PP expression to highlight it and click on the Select button to place the expression into your score.

Create the following and then listen to the playback.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.20.08 AM

Notice that PrintMusic played back the dynamic markings correctly. Only those expressions with key velocities attached to them will playback your dynamic markings correctly.

To
create a new expression, Select Miscellaneous from the left hand column in the Expression Selection dialog box.

Click on the
Create Misc. Expression button; select the Create Technique Text button.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.41.30 AM

Type in whatever you want. The newly created expression will now appear on the list. You can then assign it to a staff or note.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.43.53 AM
My newly created text expression.

Your newly created Technique Text will now appear in the Technique Text selection menu.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.46.22 AM

You can then
assign it to your score and use the box to position the text
anywhere in your score.


Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.48.01 AM




Creating A Tempo Change for Playback

Make sure the Expression Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.38.59 AM is still selected.

To create a
Tempo Change during playback of your score, double click on the second note of the measure and then select Tempo Marks from the left hand column.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.49.16 AM

Click on the
Create Tempo Mark button

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.49.43 AM

and select the
Tempo tab.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.50.30 AM

You will now see the following window:

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.53.01 AM

Select the
Playback box, assign the Quarter Note as the beat note, and select a Tempo of 145. I selected this tempo so that there would be a noticeable tempo increase during playback.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.54.05 AM


Click on the
OK Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.57.11 AM button when you are finished and you will now see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.22.04 AM

The number
40 represents my newly created tempo marking (event though it appears as a blank selection).

Select it by clicking on it so that it is highlighted and then click on the
Assign button. Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.58.53 AMYou will now see the following in your score:

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 6.00.52 AM

The box located directly above the first note of the measure represents your tempo change. For clarity, I usually grab the box and move it above the note.

Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 6.01.04 AM
Tempo change box.

Try your playback and listen to the tempo change. Note that this expression marking will not show up in your score when you print it. The tempo increase will only affect playback.

Creating A Tempo Change With Metronome Markings

To create a new metronome marking that will appear on your score.

Enter 3 measures of notes into your Violin 1 part.

Select the
Expression Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-24 at 5.38.59 AM by clicking on it.

Double click the first note in the measure where you want the metronome marking to appear.

Select
Tempo Marks from the left hand column.

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.23.22 AM

Click on the
Create Tempo Mark… button.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.23.08 AM

Make sure the
Text button is selected. Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.24.20 AM

Type in the text that you want for the metronome marking.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.26.24 AM


From the
Insert Note Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.25.20 AM pull down menu, select the note value you want.


Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.26.32 AM

You will now see a note appear next to your text. I usually move the quarter note away from the text with the space bar.

Enter an “=” sign after the note value and then type in the tempo you desire:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.26.38 AM

I have decided to be a tad sarcastic in my score while indicating an increase in tempo.

Click
OK

Make sure your newly created tempo marking is highlighted in the Expression Dialog box:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.27.53 AM

Click on the
Assign button and you should see the following in your score:

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.28.00 AM


Project 6:

In your original string quartet document, create the following using the tools that we have covered in previous lessons
.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.28.06 AM

Use the Save As command so you don’t overwrite your original String Quartet and save this as your name Project 6.



The Measure Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.27.36 AM

The
Measure Tool allows you to add measures to a document, place, delete, or position measure numbers within a score. The Measure Tool will also allow you to adjust the width of a measure.

Make sure that your favorite String Quartet is still open!

To Add Measures To The End Of Your Score

Double click the Measure Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.27.36 AM

It seems that nothing happened. But, a single measure has been added to the end of your score.

To add multiple measures at the end of a score:

Mac Users
Option-click the Measure Tool

PC Users Ctrl-click the Measure Tool:

You will now see the Add Measure dialog box:

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.28.47 AM

Simply enter the number of measures that you want added to the end of your document.

To insert measures within a document.

Single click on the measure in your score where you wish to insert the measure or measures. Note that the measures will be inserted before your selected measure.

From the
Edit pull down menu select Insert Measure Stack

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.30.14 AM

You will now see the
How Many Measures dialog box.

Input the number of measures that you wish to insert. Remember that the measures will be inserted into every staff in your score.

To
Delete a measure or measures use the Selection Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.31.18 AM

Highlight the measures that you wish to delete, double click to select a Measure Stack.


Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.33.35 AM



Go to the
Edit pull down menu and select
Delete Measure Stack.


Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.34.44 AM

Remember that the measures you deleted will be removed from all staves within in your score.

To change the width of a measure:

Make sure that the Measure Tool is selected.

Notice that you have boxes attached to each measure.

Grab the box attached to the right hand side of the measure and move the box to lengthen or shorten the width of the measure.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.31.13 AM
Using the Measure Tool to change the width of a measure.

Changing Bar Lines With The Measure Tool

Select the Measure Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.27.36 AM

Double click the second measure of the Violin 1 part. You will now see the
Measure Attributes dialog box:

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.36.05 AM

The
Measure Attributes dialog box allows you to select the type of bar for a specific measure. In this case, select the Solid bar line and click OK.

Notice that you now have a solid bar line attached to measure two of your Violin 1 part.

The Measure Tool In Page View

The
Measure Tool also allows you to create measure numbers and multimeasure rests.

Both of the above functions take place in
Page View.

Remember that we enter and edit music into PrintMusic in Scroll View.

Page View
allows us to enter and edit page attributes. In this case measure numbers and multimeasure rests fall into Page View settings.

Creating Multimeasure Rests

When you go to print a score, PrintMusic’s Extract Parts command (this will be covered later) will group all of your empty measures into multimeasure rests. But, you can control which measures get combined into multimeasure rests while you are working on a score.

Switch to
Page View from the View pull down menu.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.34.14 AM

From your string quartet, locate a section in your score where there is no music in
all parts.

Select the
Selection Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.31.18 AM and highlight two measures in the Violin 1 part.

From the
Edit pull down menu select Multimeasure Rests and then Create.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.34.27 AM


You will now see your multimeasure rest appearing in all the staves.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.34.33 AM

When you are working in a score, PrintMusic aligns all of the staves. If you create a multimeasure rest in one staff, it will also appear in the rest of the staves in your score.

Remember, PrintMusic won’t allow you to create a multimeasure rest in a single staff when there is music present in other staves above or below your single empty staff.



Breaking A Multimeasure Rest

If you decide that you don’t want a multimeasure rest, or you want to change the grouping of a multimeasure rest, PrintMusic will allow you to go back and undo a multimeasure rest.

Make sure that you still have the
Selection Tool selected and that you are still in Page View.

Highlight the multimeasure rest in a single staff by clicking on it.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.35.30 AM

From the
Edit pull down menu select Multimeasure Rests and then Break.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.35.35 AM

Your multimeasure rest will now revert back to single measures.


Measure Numbers

In some cases, especially for rehearsal scores, you will want measure numbers in each measure of your score, or in specific sections of your score.

Open up your String Quartet document if it is not already open.

We are going to continue working in
Page View for the next couple of exercises.

Go to the View pull down menu and select Page View.

To show measure numbers:

Select the
Measure Tool Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.27.36 AM

Highlight a region of the 1
st Violin part.

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.40.19 AM


From the
Measure pull down menu select Show Measure Numbers. You will now see boxes across the top of the staff.

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 5.41.36 AM Measure Number Boxes

If you would like to view the measure numbers without the boxes, click on another tool in the Main Tool Palette to deselect the Measure Tool. You will now see your measure numbers.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.36.25 AM

To display measure numbers in your entire document:

Make sure that the
Measure tool is selected.

Screen shot 2012-05-25 at 10.36.50 AM

This will select your entire document.

From the
Measure pull down menu select Show Numbers. You will now see boxes across the top of the staff for the entire score.

If you wish to hide measure numbers, select the handles on the numbers that you wish to hide and from the
Measure pull down menu select Hide Numbers.

You may move a measure number by dragging the handle.
To delete a measure number, highlight the box attached to the measure number and hit the
delete key on your keyboard.

To add a single measure number to a measure, click on the
Measure tool

Option-click the measure box (Mac users)

Ctrl-click the measure box (PC users)


Recap: Lesson 4

You should have a better understanding of:

The Articulation Tool

Entering articulations using the Selection Tool

The Expression Tool

Creating tempo and text expressions

Creating tempos changes for playback

Creating metronome markings

The Measure Tool

Adding, editing and using the measure dialog box

Using the Measure Tool in Page view

Creating Multimeasure rests

Breaking a multimeasure rest

Working with measure numbers


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