Lesson 7

Logic's Cycle Mode

Create a new Logic project and title it Lesson 7 and add a software instrument of your choice.

We are now going to do a little more work with Logic's
Cycle mood
represented below by the two arrows in a circle.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.25.56 PM
Cycle Mode (in green)

There are two ways to activate
Cycle mode in Logic:

Use your mouse to select the
Cycle mode icon.

Type
/ on your numeric keypad on your computer keyboard.

Once you have selected
Cycle mode, you will see a green line appear on the ruler at the top of the Arrange window on Logic.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.26.03 PM
Cycle mode appearing at the top of the Arrange window.

When
Cycle is on

You can't record beyond the
right locator.

You can hit the
0 on your keyboard to return to the left locator or the beginning of your cycle.

You actually have set up a loop that will keep repeating. You can also record multiple takes over that loop if you are in record mode.


Takes

When you are in Cycle mode, you can record multiple takes on the same track. This is especially useful when you want to get the best possible performance. You can record several takes, and chose the best one.
Every time your record a
Take, you are adding layers on top of a single track. You can click and drag the top most take into other audio tracks so that you can compare your takes.

Setting Up Takes

Type Option * on your numeric keypad on your computer. You will now see the following menu:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.26.34 PM
Project Settings dialog box

Select the
MIDI (Overlapping Recordings) pull down menu

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.26.42 PM

Select Create take folders

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Close the dialog box.

Set your locators in
Cycle Mode for four bars.

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Click on the Metronome if you want a count in and click track to play along with.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.27.49 PM Metronome select

Start recording! Do two or three different takes.

After you have completed your recording, notice that you have a
down arrow located at the right side of the region.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.27.55 PM down arrow on right region side

If you click on the
down arrow you will see your different takes.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.28.54 PM
My takes on my Instrument track

If you click on the
arrow on the left side of the region, all of your takes will appear.

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Clicking on the left arrow reveals your takes in track view.

If you double click on a region, the
Piano Roll for that region will appear.



Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.29.30 PM
Piano Roll region.

You can also view your piano takes in the score editor by selecting
Score in the bottom menu.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.29.48 PM

You will then see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.29.57 PM
Score View of a MIDI take

To view a brief tutorial on creating Time Signatures and Tempo Maps using the Lists Menu click on the following link:


Clip 6


Logic Project 6:

Create a new Logic Project and record at least 3 takes using cycle record and the Takes Folder.



Step Time Recording In Logic

Step time recording is a method for recording MIDI (software instrument) tracks without having to play with a click-track in real time. It is especially useful for recording difficult passages that you could not perform in real time.

The step-time method that I am going to show you involves entering notes in the
Score or Piano Roll editors by clicking in a note using the Pencil Tool.

Note:
when you use this method you are going to have to edit the MIDI data so that your performance will have a more "human" feel. This will also be addressed in the following pages.

Create a new Logic Project titled
Lesson 7.

Add a new Software Instrument track using the acoustic piano patch titled Bosendorfer Piano Studio

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Hit the esc key on your keyboard and select the Pencil Tool

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Click one on the play head of measure 2 (this is where we are going to start our step entry. You should now see a starting bar.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.31.38 PM
Click on the piano track measure 2 to get a starting bar.

Hit the
esc key on your keyboard and select the Pointer Tool.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.31.45 PM

Now hold your mouse over the lower right hand side of the starting bar and the cursor will turn into a drag left-right icon. Drag to the right and expand your starting bar to a full four measures.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.31.51 PM
Four measure starting bar

Type
P to open the Piano Editor and make sure that the MIDI In Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.31.58 PM button is showing red (indicating MIDI In) and ready for your MIDI keyboard, which we can assume is on and ready to go.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.33.08 PM
Piano Roll with MIDI In enabled.

Make sure your
Cycle bar starts in measure 2 and that your play head starts there as well.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.33.16 PM
Cycle starting in measure 2 with play-head on measure 2 as well.

Go to the
Options pull down menu at the top of the Logic screen and select Step Input Keyboard

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You will now see the Step Input Keyboard appear in Logic's arrange window.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.33.54 PM
Logic's step input keyboard

With you mouse, click on the rhythm that you want to enter. For this tutorial let's select eighth notes.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.34.02 PM Selecting Eighth Notes

Now play your MIDI keyboard and enter in a full measure of eighth notes.

You will now see your notes appearing in your
piano roll window

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.39.04 PM
My string of MIDI eighth notes.

If you play back your sequence starting in measure two, you will now hear a perfect string of eighth notes.

To enter
Rests, select the note value that you want to enter a rest, and then click on the Sustain Inserted Notes icon

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.39.10 PM Sustain Inserted Notes icon.

You will now see the play head move ahead an leave an empty space.

To enter
Dotted Notes, select the note value that you want and then select the dot.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.39.17 PM
Entering a dotted Quarter note.

To enter a
triplet, select the note value and then click on the 3 button.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.39.54 PM
Entering eighth note triplet figures

To enter
Chords, select the note value and then the chord icon.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.40.00 PM Entering half-note chords.

To view a brief tutorial Step Recording in Logic, click on the following link:


Clip 7

Logic Project 7:

Create a new Logic Project and enter in the following melody using a piano software instrument.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.40.12 PM



Dynamics and Velocity

When you are using the
Step Input Keyboard to enter notes by Step Recording you may have noticed that you can select a dynamic marking when you are entering your notes.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.47.39 PM

This is a nice feature, but it really does not give you a wide range of dynamic markings or note velocities when you are entering as passage in this manner.

Dynamics in MIDI are measured by
Velocity, which is on a scale of 0-127 or 1-128, depending on which scale your program uses. Also some of the Sample Libraries use a specific velocity to trigger a dynamic range. For instance, the original version of Vienna Strings used a velocity range of 0-49 to trigger samples that played at the mp dynamic level. Always read the owner's manual that comes with any sample library that you purchase. You may find that velocity ranges differ quite a bit for specific dynamic samples.

Create a new Project and title it
Velocity. Wow! Finally, a new name!

Start in measure 2 and use the step record method to enter in an ascending and descending C Major Scale (see below) with a dynamic marking of mf.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.47.48 PM


Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.48.27 PM
Our ascending and descending C Major scale.

When you are finished your piano roll should look as follows:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.48.35 PM
C Major scale in the piano roll in Logic.

If you play it back you will notice, that it is not all that "human" like. All the velocities are the same!

Editing Velocities In Logic

Look at the
Piano Roll view of your scale. Locate the Hyper Edit icon on the lower left hand side of the Piano Roll Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.48.43 PM and click on it.

You will now see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.49.42 PM
Piano roll with Hyper Edit

Note: You may have to grab the bar above the hyper edit portion of the window and drag it upwards to expand the hyper edit view.

To
change the velocity of a note: hit the esc key on your computer keyboard and select the Velocity Tool.

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Click and hold on a note in the Piano Roll (not the Hyper edit) and drag your mouse up and down. You will now notice that the velocity is changing in the Hyper Edit window.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.50.20 PM
Changing Velocity

Experiment with changing velocities on different notes in the scale and playback the sequence. Notice the volume changes of different notes in the scale!

Editing Volume, Expression, and Mod Wheel Data Using Logic's Hyper Edit Window

Make sure that you have extended the
Hyper Edit widow upward by grabbing the top bar of the Hyper Edit window and extending it upward.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.50.27 PM
Extended Hyper Edit Window

Click on the downward arrow on the left-hand side of the window and you will see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.50.51 PM

For this exercise we are going to select Volume. Notice that a Volume Line will now appear in your Hyper Edit Window.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.50.58 PM
Volume Line in Hyper Edit Window

Hit
esc on your keyboard and select the Pencil Tool

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.51.38 PM

Click on the beginning of the Volume Line in the Hyper Edit window and draw in your desired volume curve using the Pencil Tool. If you make a mistake, select the Eraser Tool to correct your error. You can also use the Finger Tool for more curved lines, or the Pointer Tool for straight lines. Make large volume changes for this exercise as in the screen shot below:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.51.44 PM
Drawing in Volume with the pencil tool in Hyper Edit.

Now playback your scale and hear your volume changes!

To see your automated volume change in the
Mix Window of Logic, go to the Window pull down menu and select Mixer

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.51.51 PM

You will now see the Mixer Window in Logic:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.52.31 PM
Logic's Mixer Window

Playback your scale and notice the fader for your piano start to move up and down to reflect the volume changes that you enter using the
Pencil Tool in Hyper Edit.

Close the
Mixer Window by clicking on the far left circle at the top of the Mixer Window.

Note:
You can edit any of the parameters that appear in the Hyper Edit pull down arrow in this manner!


To view a brief tutorial on using Hyper Edit in Logic, click on the following link:

Clip 8

Using The Score Editor To Edit Volume

For those of you who prefer to work with notation instead of the
Piano Roll, you can use Logic's Score Editor to edit volume as well.

Keep your scale project open and erase all of our volume info that we just entered. You can do this with the
Erase Tool or by repeatedly hitting the command-Z (undo) key command on your computer keyboard.

The arrange window should look as follows:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.53.15 PM
Arrange window in Piano Roll View

Now click on the
Score icon at the bottom of Logic's window

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.53.22 PM

You will now see the following window:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.53.52 PM
Logic's Score window.

You will now notice the
Inspector window that appears on the left-hand side of the screen.

To change your views of the score click on the up/down arrows that appear next to
Style directly under the track name in the Inspector Window.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.53.59 PM

You will now see the following:

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.55.42 PM
Style selection.

For my piano track, I am going to select
Piano. I know, a rather obvious choice!

While Logic's score editor is a pretty powerful tool, it really can't compare to Finale or Sibelius and the same can be said for Finale and Sibelius as a sequencing program!

From the
View pull down menu in the Score Widow, select Hyper Draw and then Volume.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.55.56 PM

You will now see the volume bar appear in the Hyper Draw window and just like the methods described above, you can enter a volume envelope, but in this case you can do it while viewing the music notation.

I selected the
pencil tool and entered the following dynamic envelope pretty much following the contour of the scale.

Screen shot 2012-05-21 at 7.56.17 PM
My volume envelope for my C major scale.

To view a brief tutorial on using Hyper Edit in the Score window in Logic, click on the following link:

Clip 9


Logic Project 8:

Create a new Logic Project and enter in a melody using any software instrument. Create a dynamic envelope using the Pencil tool in the Hyper Draw window.



This Concludes Lesson 7

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