Lesson 6

Adding Multiple Time Signatures To A Project

Create a new Logic project and title it Lesson 6. Again, a highly original name! Add a software Instrument for the opening dialog box when you launch Logic.

There may be times when you have a project that will include time signature changes and tempo changes all within the same project.

Let's start with
Time Signatures. Our default time signature when we open a Logic Project is 4/4. For this exercise, we are going to change our time signature to 3/4 starting in measure 5

Click on the
Cycle icon, so that it turns green

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Grab the middle of the Cycle bar at the top of the screen and move it to Measure 5.

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Your Transport Window at the bottom of the screen should look as follows:

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Transport indicating our start is 5/1/1

Now expand your
Global Tracks menu located to the left in the Arrange Window. And then expand


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Expanded Global Tracks showing Signature

Make sure that your
Play-head is positioned at the start of measure 5.

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Locate the 4/4 time signature in the Transport Window

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Double click the time signature and change the top number to 3, so that we now have a 3/4 time signature.

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Now look at the Global Tracks menu and notice that your time signature change appears in the timeline beginning at measure 5.

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You can repeat the above process to add multiple time signatures throughout your project.

Creating Multiple Tempos In Logic

Now we are going to create several tempo changes in our project. This is a little different to what we did when we created time signature changes

We are going to be making three different types of tempo changes.

The first is a sudden tempo change.

The second is an
Accellerando or a gradual speeding up of the tempo.

The third is a gradual slowing down of the tempo called a
Ritard.

Make sure that you have expanded Tempo in the Global Tracks pull down menu.

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In the Resolution box we are going to select 1/4. The higher the Resolution the smoother the tempo change will be. The higher the number, the more CPU power is used. Since this will be a sudden tempo change, we are really not too concerned with a smooth transition.

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Alternative gives you nine different variations to experiment with. For now, let's just leave it on 1.

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The Quantization box will be discussed later in the tutorial.

Using The Pointer Tool

Logic has several Tools that make work much easier. To access the Tool Palette in Logic, point your mouse anywhere on the Arrange Window and hit the esc key on your computer keyboard. You will now see the Tool Palette.

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Logic's Tool Palette

Once the
Tool Palette is visible, you can select a tool with a click of your mouse, or type a number on your keyboard that corresponds to the tool.

For this exercise, we are going to be selecting the
Pencil Tool.

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You will now notice that your mouse input turns to a pencil. Now go to the Tempo ruler in Global Tracks and click on measure 4 1 1 1 You will now see a dot or Node appear on the timeline.

Screen shot 2012-05-10 at 5.26.29 AM Node, which you can drag up or down

Grab the
Node and move the tempo up to 128

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Hit your space bar and notice that the tempo increases right at Measure 4.

Creating An Accellerando

Notice that there are now two Nodes at our tempo change.

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If you grab the lower Node and move it to the left, you will create a blue curved line, which will allow you to create a gradual speeding up of the tempo.

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An Accelerando curve

To create a ritard, just reverse the process and make your first Node tempo slower than your original tempo.


Creating a ritard (slowing down of tempo)

To view a brief tutorial on creating Time Signatures and Tempo Maps in Logic click on the following link:


Clip 4


Logic Project 5:

Create a new Logic Project with at least two tempo changes that include an accelerando and ritard!



Fine Tuning Tempo Control

This next method for setting a tempo mapping is a bit slower than the method discussed above, but it allows you much more control.

Create a tempo change going from 120 BPM to 132 BPM in measure 5, as follows: Note that your accelerando curve should start around measure 4.

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Tempo change with curve


Lists

We are going to use our Lists menu to fine-tune our temp mapping.
Locate the
Lists button in the upper right-hand corner of Logic.

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When you click on the Lists button, you will see the following window:

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Click on the Tempo Tab and you will see the following:

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From this window you have a list of where we have made our tempo changes using the
pencil tool.

You have three columns that you can edit: Position and Tempo should be fairly obvious. SPMTE Position will be addressed later.

Let's change our
Position and Tempo in measure 5.

Double click on the first number (5) in the
Position Column and type in the following:

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Now do the same for the Tempo column and change the tempo to 152

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Notice that the tempo and position has now changed in the Arrange Window

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New tempo position

Creating a Tempo Change Using Lists

You can also create a new tempo change and position using the Lists menu in Logic.

In the
Lists menu click on the Create button: Screen shot 2012-05-10 at 5.31.37 AM

You will notice that a new position has been added at the top of the menu.

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Let's add a tempo change in measure 8, going to 60 PBM.

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New Tempo marking at measure 8

You will now see your change in the
Arrange Window:


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Our newly created tempo change.


Creating an Accellerando Curve In Lists

To create an Accellerando using the Lists menu, make sure that you are still in the Tempo Tab. Select Options and then Tempo Operations.

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You will now see the following window:

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Tempo Operations window

You don't have to draw in an Accellerando curve by moving the node. We are going to enter in a more precise Accellerando.

If you click on
Curve Type, you have three options. Each one gives you an idea on how the tempo change will be implemented.

Screen shot 2012-05-10 at 5.34.13 AM Tempo Curve Types

Let's select the first curve type.

Density as previously discussed is how smoothly your tempo change will be implemented. Remember, the greater the number the more CPU power you will use. In fact, Logic recommends that you not go above 1/8 because it impacts the CPU power too much.

Let's leave it on the default setting of 1/1.

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With a Density of 1/1 there is a tempo change at the beginning of each bar, taking up little CPU power.

With a Density change of 1/4 there is a tempo change at each quarter note, taking up more CPU power, but creating a smoother tempo change.

If you have enough RAM installed on your computer and you select a Density setting of 1/32 you will be using a ton of CPU power, but will get a smoother tempo change at every 32nd note!

Enter in the following to create a tempo change for every bar.

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The Position menu tells us where the tempo change will start and stop. The Tempo menu tells us our beginning and ending tempo for the curve.

Our tempo change starts at measure 1 and ends at measure 7, going from 120 to 152 BPM changing every measure.

When you have entered the information above, click on the
Apply button.

You should now see the following:

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Tempo change curve every measure

Erasing

If you don't like your tempo change, you can always use the Command-z option on your computer keyboard. Or, you can select the Eraser Tool by clicking on the arrow box located in the upper right-hand side of the window.

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Then select the Eraser Tool

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Once you have selected the Eraser Tool, place it over the row with the tempo markings that want to erase in the Lists menu and click on it. It will now be removed.

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Remember to go back and select the Pointer Tool again!!


To view a brief tutorial on creating Time Signatures and Tempo Maps using the Lists Menu click on the following link:


Clip 5


Customizing Your Transport Bar

If you want to add more options to your Transport Bar,

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simply Control-click anywhere on the Transport Bar, and you will see the following message.

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Click on Customize Transport Bar and you will now see a dialog box:

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Customize Transport Dialog Box

This allows you several options for starting, stopping and viewing what appears in your
Transport Bar.

Experiment with using different options with the Transport and Display options.

Customizing Your Metronome Settings

Locate your Metronome in the Transport Bar.

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Place your cursor over the
Metronome icon and hold it down and select Metronome Settings from the pull down menu that appears. You will now see the following menu:

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This allows you to configure your Metronome for recording and playback. Experiment with different settings.

Master Level

Locate the Master Level icon on the Transport Bar

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You can slide the node to the left or right to decrease or increase the volume in your studio. This will affect the level of the entire mix.


Chapter 6 Recap

You should now be more familiar with:

Adding multiple time signatures

Creating multiple tempo mappings

Using the pointer, pencil, and eraser tool

Creating an Accellerando

Creating a Ritard

Using Lists to create tempo changes

Using Lists to create tempo curves

Customizing your Transport Bard

Customizing your Metronome

Working with Master Level control


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